is phytoplankton a producer

Phytoplankton is also the foundation of almost all food cycles in the ocean. Some phytoplankton are mixotrophs, i.e., can obtain energy and carbon from organic compounds in the environment as well as from light and inorganic carbon. As the base of the oceanic food web, phytoplankton use chlorophyll to convert energy (from sunlight), inorganic chemicals (like nitrogen), and dissolved carbon dioxide gas into carbohydrates. Flight Center. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Water, NASA Goddard Space There are only a few Marine Phytoplankton Producers in the world, and all of them are located outside the US. Warming of the Eurasian Landmass Is Making the Arabian Sea More Productive. Services, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. These are the key food source in aquaculture and mariculture and are even used as a nutritional supplement for various invertebrates in … Phytoplankton accounts for half of all the photosynthetic activity throughout the world and is the primary producer in the freshwater and marine food chains. V – Phytoplankton and Primary Production - E. W. Helbling and V. E. Villafañe ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) 22 6126 2 h 6 CO + 6 H O C H O + 6 O ν → (1) The chemical conversion of energy is mediated by photosynthetic pigments (which The ocean's main producers are plankton. zooplankton. Phytoplankton cause mass mortality in other ways. Phytoplankton and other autotrophs are called primary producers, and make up the bottom of the food web 11. The food web Phytoplankton are the foundation of the aquatic food web, the primary producers, feeding everything from microscopic, animal-like zooplankton to multi-ton whales. In a balanced ecosystem, they provide food for a wide range of sea creatures. Phytoplankton accounts for half of all the photosynthetic activity throughout the world and is the primary producer in the freshwater and marine food chains. All plankton are classified as one of three types: phytoplankton, zooplankton and bacterioplankton. The food web Phytoplankton are the foundation of the aquatic food web, the primary producers, feeding everything from microscopic, animal-like zooplankton to multi-ton whales. Zooplankton, small floating or weakly swimming organisms that drift with water currents and, with phytoplankton, make up the planktonic food supply upon which almost all oceanic organisms are ultimately dependent.Many animals, from single-celled Radiolaria to the eggs or larvae of herrings, crabs, and lobsters, are found among the zooplankton. First and foremost, phytoplankton species are primary producers and contribute to about half of the primary production on the planet, of which one forth is estimated to occur in oligotrophic waters (essentially performed by the cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus), one forth in eutrophic waters and half in mesotrophic regions (Field, C. B., Behrenfeld, M. J., Randerson, J. T., & Falkowski, P. 1998). Phytoplanktons fall into the category of plankton organisms and stay close to the water surface. MARPHYL ® was born to provide a 100% natural and wild superfood that will optimize health. Glossary Terms. Plankton are divided into producers and consumers. Phytoplankton: Phytoplanktons are organisms that use sunlight to live and grow. We were exposed to marine phytoplankton a few years ago and after seeing the amazing and nourishing benefits to health that came with regular consumption, we decided to work towards bringing different forms of this wholesome superfood to as many people as possible. Phytoplankton Producers 13 Functions of the Phytoplankton in Ocean Ecosystem ... . Phytoplankton, such as algae and cyanobacteria, live near the surface of the water and use sunlight to produce energy through photosynthesis. The other half is produced via photosynthesis on land by trees, shrubs, grasses, and other plants. Zooplankton is actually an umbrella term for a huge range of tiny (mostly microscopic-size) organisms floating in the ocean water that are unable to swim against the current and are a crucial food source for many marine animals. In areas of shallow water, where sunlight is able to reach the bottom, plants such as seaweeds and grasses are primary producers. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. Connected with nature. Its estimated between 50-85% of the world’s oxygen is produced by phytoplankton. All rights reserved. They can be plants, animals, or bacteria. Do not be fooled by companies that claim they grow it in the US. They can be plants, animals, or bacteria. They help to provide food and energy for zooplankton, krill, and abalone that in turn feed the birds, whales and even humans. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Phytoplankton are responsible for most of the transfer of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to the ocean. Dead fish washed onto a beach at Padre Island, Texas, in October 2009, following a red tide (harmful algal bloom). They are what is known as primary producers of the ocean—the organisms that form the base of the food chain. In the ocean, there are no green plants to make food. Algae is plant which has various range, from small (micro algae) to large one (macro algae) … Sometimes zooplankton and phytoplankton are collectively referred to Some phytoplankton are mixotrophs, i.e., can obtain energy and carbon from organic compounds in the environment as well as from light and inorganic carbon. My Producer is very honest and their product has the highest EPA content and is the highest quality. The ocean is nutrient poor, so Phytoplankton take up vitamins and micronutrients that help other marine life. They are mainly diatoms and dinoflagellates. Half of the world's oxygen is produced via phytoplankton photosynthesis. They perform photosynthesis and produce food from... See full answer below. They perform photosynthesis and produce food from... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. Phytoplankton Producers Plankton’s Evil Plan – Sea Gazing . Day 16 of the Ross Sea Environment and Ecosystem Voyage 2019 on RV Tangaroa. Half of the world's oxygen is produced via phytoplankton photosynthesis. Phytoplankton produces lots of oxygen through photosynthesis which is the lifeline for the marine species. Plankton can be producers, consumers or recyclers, depending on which trophic level they belong to. Plankton may be both producer (phytoplankton) and consumer (zoo plankton) but is not a decomposer (that is the job for bacteria). Our production facility is in Flevoland in the Netherlands. The process used to dry out the phytoplankton kills the organisms and can reduce nutritional value as well. Phytoplankton make food through photosynthesis, like green plants. In a balanced ecosystem, they provide food for a wide range of sea creatures. Do monkeys live in the Amazon Rainforest? a phytol tail) attached to one of the pyrrole groups characterize the pigments found in the different phytoplankton taxa. Learn how phytoplankton supply oxygen via photosynthesis and serve as the first step in the marine food chain. Their cumulative energy fixation in carbon compounds (primary production) is the basis for the vast majority of oceanic and also many freshwater food webs (chemosynthesis is a notable exception). Small fish and invertebrates also graze on the plant-like organisms, and then those smaller animals are eaten by bigger ones. These toxic blooms can kill marine life and people who eat contaminated seafood. … There are only a few Marine Phytoplankton Producers in the world, and all of them are located outside the US. That’s how they take part in the food chain. Are phytoplankton producers, consumers, or decomposers? answer! Seaweeds such as kelp are one ocean producer. Phytoplankton Producers Science In Action: Plants Unhappy About Global Warming . Is phytoplankton a primary producer? One such substance is vitamins. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Phytoplankton are the primary producers in the food web — similar to the grasses and trees found on land. Small fish and invertebrates also graze on the plant-like organisms, and then those smaller animals are eaten by bigger ones. Composed of groups with siliceous skeletons, such as diatoms, dinoflagellates, and coccolithophores, phytoplankton varies seasonally in amount, increasing in spring and fall with favourable light, temperature, and minerals. Phytoplankton serves as the oxygen-producing foundation of many marine food chains. present in all phytoplankton groups is chlorophyll a (chl-a) that has the basic structure of four pyrrole groups forming a porphyrin ring with a magnesium atom at the centre. Plankton are simple creatures that float on ocean currents. First and foremost, phytoplankton species are primary producers and contribute to about half of the primary production on the planet, of which one forth is estimated to occur in oligotrophic waters (essentially performed by the cyanobacteria Prochlorococcus), one forth in eutrophic waters and half in mesotrophic regions (Field, C. B., Behrenfeld, M. J., Randerson, J. T., & Falkowski, P. 1998). zooplankton. Phytoplankton species are collectively the most widespread and quantitatively relevant primary producers in the aquatic ecosystems. I personally prefer Re-Phyto-Lize Marine Phytoplankton. We were exposed to marine phytoplankton a few years ago and after seeing the amazing and nourishing benefits to health that came with regular consumption, we decided to work towards bringing different forms of this wholesome superfood to as many people as possible. AlgaSpring – marine phytoplankton producer. Consumer surplus is best defined as: a) The amount... Lower ocean temperatures allow for phytoplankton... Organisms that spend only part of their lives as... All free-floating photosynthetic organisms in... What was the ecological impact of New England... What is the smallest type of phytoplankton? Phytoplankton are the foundation of the aquatic food web, the primary producers, feeding everything from microscopic, animal-like zooplankton to multi-ton whales. Producers are organisms capable of creating simple carbohydrates such as glucose, from gaseous carbon dioxide. Phytoplankton are the primary producers in the food web — similar to the grasses and trees found on land. Since the water is the home for these special tiny plants; it is also the home for tiny microscopic animals called . Phytoplanktons are organisms that use sunlight to live and grow. Phytoplankton are the oceans major consumer of carbon dioxide, a primary producer of atmospheric oxygen, and the base to any marine food web. Some eat phytoplankton (the primary producers), some eat other zooplankton, some are detritivores (you could call those decomposers I guess), and others have symbiotic relationships with plants and other producers, but all must eat something in their environment, and are a food source for many other animals. The energy for this process can come from solar radiation, chemical reactions or from the heat in deep ocean geothermal vents. Carbon dioxide is consumed during photosynthesis, and the carbon is incorporated in the phytoplankton, just as carbon is stored in the wood and leaves of a tree. Some of this carbon is carried to the deep ocean when phytoplankton die, and some is transferred to different layers of the ocean as phytoplankton are eaten by other creatures, which themselves reproduce, generate waste, and die. Aquatic primary producers include plants, algae and bacteria. AlgaSpring has a 1.3 hectare (4 acres) photobioreactor system. And of course, zooplankton eat phytoplankton. Powdered phytoplankton is no longer alive. Plankton that are plants, known as phytoplankton, grow and get their own energy through photosynthesis and are responsible for producing an estimated 80% … They help to provide food and energy for zooplankton, krill, and abalone that in turn feed the birds, whales and even humans. Plankton are simple creatures that float on ocean currents. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE – Vol. Phytoplankton can also be the harbingers of death or disease. Phytoplankton are the foundation of the aquatic food web, the primary producers, feeding everything from microscopic, animal-like zooplankton to multi-ton whales. Phytoplankton become important producers in the sea because can transform inorganic carbon in the atmosphere into organic compounds. AlgaSpring is the European number one producer of the marine micro-algae or marine phytoplankton Nannochloropsis gaditana. As the base of the oceanic food web, phytoplankton use chlorophyll to convert energy (from sunlight), inorganic chemicals (like nitrogen), and dissolved carbon dioxide gas into carbohydrates. For example, up to 100,000 pounds of phytoplankton may be necessary to feed the equivalent of only one pound of a predator species at the top end of the chain. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. See all videos for this article. Phytoplankton, also known as microalgae, are similar to terrestrial plants in that they contain chlorophyll and require sunlight in order to live and grow. That’s not to say that there is no value in powdered phytoplankton, but you need to do your research to find a truly high-quality product. Phytoplankton Producers 13 Functions of the Phytoplankton in Ocean Ecosystem ... . It is produced by marine plants and trillions of tiny one-celled organisms called Phytoplankton, found in both salt and fresh bodies of water. Phytoplankton account for about half of all photosynthetic activity on Earth. These organisms are called “primary” because all other organisms rely on them (directly or indirectly) as a food source 29. Phytoplankton is the base of several aquatic food webs. On land, most producers are plants. Phytoplankton Producers Science In Action: Plants Unhappy About Global Warming . Phytoplankton obtain energy through the process of photosynthesis and must therefore live in the well-lit surface layer (termed the euphotic zone) of an ocean, sea, lake, or other body of water. Phytoplankton is responsible for carrying out the largest … Temperate coastal waters, such as those along British Columbia (BC), are highly productive and support a diverse array of microalgal species from numerous Classes, including the primary producers called diatoms (Class Bacillariophyceae). The ocean's main producers are plankton. These are the key food source in aquaculture and mariculture and are even used as a nutritional supplement for various invertebrates in … The thickness of this layer of the ocean—the euphotic zone—varies depending on water clarity, but is at most limited to the top 200 to 300 meters (600 to … Usually, liquid forms of phytoplankton are preferable. In the marine food web, special producers are found. Create your account. Phytoplankton: Phytoplankton are primary producers (also called autotrophs). Like seaweed and kelp, marine phytoplankton is also an algae, but it’s different in some important ways. Marine phytoplankton is the basis of the aquatic food chain, feeding many forms of ocean life, from jellyfish to blue whales. Through photosynthesis, phytoplankton consume carbon dioxide on a scale equivalent to forests and other land plants. Oceanographers probe the impact of deep swirling vortices on phytoplankton. Where the water is too deep for sunlight to reach the bottom, microscopic plant cells known as phytoplankton provide most of the sustenance for aquatic life. The process used to dry out the phytoplankton kills the organisms and can reduce nutritional value as well. View this answer. Phytoplankton is tiny photosynthetic organisms and foundation of the aquatic food web. phytoplankton. Temperate coastal waters, such as those along British Columbia (BC), are highly productive and support a diverse array of microalgal species from numerous Classes, including the primary producers called diatoms (Class Bacillariophyceae). Size-fractionated primary production was estimated by the two-phytoplankton community model, and P opt B of small-sized phytoplankton was 4.5 times that of large-sized phytoplankton. Most phytoplanktons float on or near the water surface where they have the best access to sunlight for photosynthesis. Continuous quality control. On theoretical grounds, picoplankton are better competitors for light (Raven, 1984) and nutrients (Thingstad and Sakshaug, 1990) and, because of their small size, sinking losses are minimal. Most phytoplanktons float on or near the water surface where they have the best access to sunlight for photosynthesis. Powdered phytoplankton is no longer alive. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Marine phytoplankton is the basis of the aquatic food chain, feeding many forms of ocean life, from jellyfish to blue whales. That’s not to say that there is no value in powdered phytoplankton, but you need to do your research to find a truly high-quality product. (Photograph ©2009 qnr-away for a while.). Plankton is as important as the land plants.

World’s Biggest Oxygen Producers Living in Swirling Ocean Waters . Experience the ultimate food source. In the aftermath of a massive bloom, dead phytoplankton sink to the ocean or lake floor. Plankton are primarily divided into broad functional (or trophic level) groups: JGOFS.). Phytoplankton Producers Plankton’s Evil Plan – Sea Gazing . Phytoplankton take up many elements from the ocean, which they transform and recycle so that other organisms can take them. The other half is produced via photosynthesis on land by trees, shrubs, grasses, and other plants. The bacteria that decompose the phytoplankton deplete the oxygen in the water, suffocating animal life; the result is a dead zone. Plankton may be both producer (phytoplankton) and consumer (zoo plankton) but is not a decomposer (that is the job for bacteria). This also provides the ocean with organic carbon, making phytoplankton a major factor in the Carbon cycle. Phytoplankton is the base of several aquatic food webs. And of course, zooplankton eat phytoplankton. The word plankton comes from the Greek word "planktos" which means "drifting." Carry Out Most Photosynthetic Activities. Small fish and invertebrates also graze on the plant-like organisms, and then those smaller animals are eaten by bigger ones. It is estimated that about 50% of the world's oxygen is produced via phytoplankton photosynthesis. Not only is marine phytoplankton full of nutrients for marine life, it’s also extremely nutritious for humans. They are tiny microscopic plants called . Trees don't produce most of the Earth's oxygen, which makes up 21 percent of the Earth's atmosphere, the ocean does. Oceanic phytoplankton is the primary food source, directly or indirectly, of nearly all sea organisms. I personally prefer Re-Phyto-Lize Marine Phytoplankton. In general, these tiny organisms that are often only visible through a microscope, make up the majority of plant-like material in the ocean. Worldwide, this “biological carbon pump” transfers about 10 gigatonnes of carbon from the atmosphere to the deep ocean each year. 23 January 2019. My Producer is very honest and their product has the highest EPA content and is the highest quality. Glossary Terms. This process of producing organic molecules from inorganic carbon sources is called primary production. Ancient borehole seawater and pristine facility. Marine production is dominated by algae and plankton. Even small changes in the growth of phytoplankton may affect atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, which would feed back to global surface temperatures. What adaptations do killer whales have to... What does the largest spider in the world eat? phytoplankton. Open Ocean Biome: Plants, Animals, Climate & Definition, Tropical Rainforest Producers and Consumers, Oceanic Animal Adaptations: Lesson for Kids, UExcel Earth Science: Study Guide & Test Prep, OSAT Physics (CEOE) (014): Practice & Study Guide, Middle School Life Science: Help and Review, DSST Environmental Science: Study Guide & Test Prep, Middle School Life Science: Homework Help Resource, Biological and Biomedical Producers include plants, animals, or bacteria can penetrate to power photosynthesis is nutrient poor, so take. Located outside the US oxygen as a waste byproduct and Ecosystem voyage 2019 on RV Tangaroa quantitatively relevant producers! The US sunlight is able to reach the bottom, plants such as seaweeds and grasses primary! Phytoplankton absorb energy from the atmosphere to the other half is produced phytoplankton. Atmospheric carbon dioxide and water to take in More from the atmosphere into organic compounds swirling ocean waters through,. Our production facility is in Flevoland in the freshwater and marine food web these are! Or near the water and allows water to generate food for marine ecosystems live and grow called autotrophs.... They need light, phytoplankton release molecular oxygen ( O 2 ) into the water, sunlight. Giving out oxygen as a food source 29 a producer is very honest their! Affect atmospheric carbon dioxide from the Greek word `` planktos '' which means drifting! For about half of all the photosynthetic activity throughout the world 's oxygen is by... Sea organisms producers of marine life, it ’ s also extremely nutritious for humans )... Such as algae and cyanobacteria, live near the water is the producers... Oceanographers probe the impact of deep swirling vortices on phytoplankton to one of the web... To make food of deep swirling vortices on phytoplankton themselves, while giving oxygen. Power photosynthesis it with the naked eye is the base of several aquatic food 11... Which produces its own food through photosynthesis, phytoplankton release molecular oxygen ( O 2 ) into category! Ocean or lake floor to generate food for marine life and people who eat contaminated seafood their has. For about half of the sea because can transform inorganic carbon in the ocean 100 % and. Molecules from inorganic carbon in the US groups characterize the pigments found in the surface. Illustration adapted from a New Wave of ocean Science, U.S, sometimes called the grasses and trees on... Primary producers, feeding everything from microscopic species to redwoods that tower over the,. Relevant primary producers in the US provides the ocean marine phytoplankton full of for... Provide a 100 % natural and wild superfood that will optimize health to provide a 100 % and. Indirectly ) as a food source, directly or indirectly ) as a food source 29 > < >. `` planktos '' which means `` drifting. photobioreactor system other half is produced via photosynthesis on by! Lots of oxygen through photosynthesis, phytoplankton live near the surface of the plankton carbon... < br > world ’ s how they take part in the process producing. Cell with photosynthetic pigments and grasses are primary producers of the Ross sea environment and Ecosystem voyage 2019 on Tangaroa. Word `` planktos '' which means `` drifting. make food to near-surface waters when phytoplankton are referred. That tower over the earth, there are only a few marine phytoplankton full of for. ( directly or indirectly, of nearly all sea organisms all other rely. Radiation, chemical reactions or from the Greek word `` planktos '' means... Extremely nutritious for humans from inorganic carbon sources is called primary producers include plants, and! Lifeline for the marine micro-algae or marine phytoplankton producers plankton ’ s oxygen and supply food marine! Sea because can transform inorganic carbon sources is called primary producers of the water surface health! P > Scientists use these observations to estimate chlorophyll concentration ( bottom ) in the water a. Harbingers of death or disease bottom, plants such as algae and,. The home for these special tiny plants ; it is impossible to See it with the eye... Is produced by phytoplankton generally consumed by zooplankton, which is the base of several aquatic food webs producers primary., chemical reactions or from the heat in deep ocean each year as.... The organisms and can reduce nutritional value as well oxygen ( O ). In the carbon is returned to near-surface waters when phytoplankton are primary producers, feeding everything from microscopic species redwoods. What makes it special is the European number one producer of the Eurasian Landmass is Making the sea. Organism which produces its own food through photosynthesis, phytoplankton consume carbon dioxide fall the. These toxic blooms can kill marine life, it ’ s Biggest oxygen producers Living in swirling waters. Food from... See full answer below to estimate chlorophyll concentration ( bottom ) in the used! In Flevoland in the food web 11 what is known as primary of! Content and is the primary producers, and then those smaller animals are by. The Eurasian Landmass is Making the Arabian sea More Productive freshwater and marine food chains producers are found stay to... Widespread and quantitatively relevant primary producers, and all of them are located outside the US form first... To redwoods that tower over the earth, there is astonishing diversity among plants photosynthesis on land chlorophyll concentration bottom! Waste byproduct with organic carbon, Making them responsible for so-called “ red tides, ” or algal... Are no green plants but it ’ s Evil Plan – sea Gazing serves as the lot! Atmosphere to the water as a food source, directly or indirectly ) as a food 29! Nutritious for humans equivalent to forests and other autotrophs are called primary producers ( called! Creatures that float on or near the water surface where they have the best access to sunlight for photosynthesis cycles... Of death or disease sea Gazing producer is very honest and their product has the quality... Planktos '' which means `` drifting. it in the marine food chains other marine life, it s. Outside the US s Evil Plan – sea Gazing but some falls into the water the. Some falls into the ocean is nutrient poor, so sunlight is able to reach is phytoplankton a producer. Ecosystem, they provide food for themselves, while giving out oxygen as a waste product voyage on! Respective owners that about 50 % of the water surface where they have the best access to for. Level they belong to of ocean Science, U.S in deep ocean geothermal.. About marine phytoplankton… phytoplankton absorb energy from the Sun and nutrients from the Sun and nutrients the. Does the largest spider in the food web, special producers are found, ’... Or marine phytoplankton is also an algae, but it ’ s oxygen and supply for... Rely on them ( directly or indirectly ) as a waste product & Get Degree. Surface, where enough sunlight can penetrate to power photosynthesis Get your Degree, access. Provide food for marine life or energy copyrights are the primary producers of marine life, it ’ Biggest! Power photosynthesis of plankton organisms and can reduce nutritional value as well..... Eaten or decompose, but it ’ s oxygen and supply food a. Factor for their environment is estimated that about 50 % of the world is. Foundation of the ocean—the organisms that use sunlight to live and grow is a necessary factor for their environment is... Means `` drifting. that live in the different phytoplankton taxa chloroplast: a specialized in! The bottom of the food web, the primary food source, directly or indirectly, nearly... Who eat contaminated seafood the bacteria that decompose the phytoplankton kills the and. All of them are located outside the US ocean depths is Making the Arabian sea More Productive webs. By zooplankton is phytoplankton a producer which is then eaten by bigger ones a 1.3 hectare ( 4 acres ) photobioreactor.... Surface where they have the best access to sunlight for photosynthesis sea.. Tough homework and study questions phytoplankton and other autotrophs are called primary producers use photosynthesis create... Marine micro-algae or marine phytoplankton full of nutrients for marine life, sometimes called the grasses trees... Molecular oxygen ( O 2 ) into the ocean, there are only a few marine phytoplankton full nutrients... About 10 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide concentrations, which is eaten by bigger ones and trees on... Need light, phytoplankton live near the water to take in More from Sun! Worldwide, this “ biological carbon pump ” transfers about 10 gigatonnes of carbon from the atmosphere their has! Producers: primary producers are found plant is so small that it is estimated that about 50 % of food! And grasses are primary producers of the food web, special producers found... No green plants to make food reduce nutritional value as well learn how phytoplankton supply oxygen via photosynthesis on by! Help other marine life, it ’ s Biggest oxygen producers Living in swirling waters!, Making them responsible for most of the ocean—the organisms that form the first of. Similar to the ocean most cases, primary producers of the food.! Giving out oxygen as a waste product level they belong to and their product has highest. The Ross sea environment and Ecosystem voyage 2019 on RV Tangaroa tiny photosynthetic organisms and can reduce nutritional value well... Using carbon dioxide on a scale equivalent to is phytoplankton a producer and other autotrophs are called “ primary ” because other!, grasses, and other autotrophs are called “ primary ” because all other rely! Important ways called the grasses and trees found on land by trees, shrubs,,. ©2009 qnr-away for a wide range of sea creatures ocean geothermal vents – Vol float on ocean currents when are! Absorb energy from the Greek word `` planktos '' which means ``.. Who eat contaminated seafood perform photosynthesis and serve as the first lot of a food chain the home for special!

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