1 samuel 4 summary

God has come into the camp! But do not be so foolish as to suppose that because there is loud noise there must also be faith. And he had judged Israel forty years. i. It may save us: The elders rightly sensed they needed God’s help to win the battle. Lucky for the Philistines, God was against Israel in this cause. In this respect most of us have imitated them. Worried about the Philistines and their gods? Looking at it this way, the glory had not departed at all. Knowledge wasn’t their problem. Eli and … God showed He was greater than the ark. Later, Saul brought the ark into battle (1 Samuel 14:18), as did David (2 Samuel 11:11). announce that Eli would also die the same day. i. Godless Philistines can teach us something. Trivia . If they really believed their gods were greater than the God of Israel, they should not have been worried. 1 Samuel Summary One King to Rule them All? God forbid that we should judge any man’s worship! Test your knowledge of the bible passage: 1 Samuel 4-8. The Chronicler believes that Samuel recorded at least some of … But they were wrong in the way they sought help. 2 Samuel … God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). Eli was rightly more concerned about the fate of the ark than the fate of his sons. They simply received what they deserved. Instead, God was just, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . 4. In addition, the Philistines had a competent general who ordered them to calm down and fight like men. (3-4) The elders of Israel respond with a superstitious trust in the ark. Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, : During this time there was no great world power (such as Egypt or Assyria) seeking to dominate the region. Israel smitten by the Philistines, ver. Then the man said to Eli, “I am he who came from the battle. If they believed the God of Israel was greater than their gods, they should have submitted to Him. Instead, God was just beginning to show His glory. “Thus as God was no loser by this event, so the Philistines were no gainers by it; and Israel, all things considered, received more good than hurt by it, as we shall see.” (Poole), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Book Summary: This book begins the 500 year period of the Kings of Israel – approximately between 1050 and 586BC. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. These were some of the traditional signs of mourning. The Israelite army went out to fight back. (1:2) Hannah 3) How often did Elkanah go to worship and sacrifice to the Lord? 1 Kings 1… The loss which prompted them to take the ark resulted in the death of about four thousandmen of Israel (1 Samuel 4:2). The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. True faith in God may express itself with leaping and with shouting; and it is a happy thing when it does: but it can also sit still before the Lord, and that perhaps is a happier thing still.” (Spurgeon). : Instead of trusting in the ark, they should be more concerned that the ark was served and carried by priests who had forsaken the LORD. b. (1-9) The ark taken. Brief Summary: The book of 1 Samuel can be neatly divided into two sections: the life of Samuel (chapters 1-12) and the life of Saul (chapters 13-31). These are the gods who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. They had the courage of desperate men. Second, the Israelites felt the battle would be easy with the ark of the Covenant there and did not try as hard. Only the high priest entered and saw the ark, and only once a year. 10, 11. They simply received what they deserved. All of the people in Israel heard about Samuel. Some manuscript traditions (evident in the Septuagint) make it clear the Philistines started this conflict. i. 4. Faith is a still water, it flows deep. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. The messenger brought bad news, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the news was. c. The ark of God was captured: This was worse than just losing a battle. Samuel didn’t write the whole book. This was a difficult period for Israel. Trivia The Book Of First Samuel Quiz! Summary 1 Samuel 4: After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. God promised that Eli’s two sons would die on the same day as a sign of judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). The ark went into battle before. Stand Up, Stand Up for Jesus; We are living, we are dwelling; Here Am I, Send Me; Hymns for 1 Samuel 5 Hymns for 1 Samuel 6 Hymns for 1 Samuel 7. God did not announce that Eli would also die the same day. i. The very “thing” they thought would win the battle was captured. Soon after, Samuel was brought to the tabernacle to serve God. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. The Israelites probably felt they were better than the Philistines because the Philistines were pagans, worshipping false gods. Samuel 1-3 Bible MCQ Quiz: Trivia! Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. g And the word of the Lord was rare in those days; there was no frequent vision.. 2 At that time Eli, h whose eyesight had begun to grow dim so that he could not see, was lying down in his own place. The priesthood in Israel is in a general state of decline, and Eli’s sons are disobeying God’s laws. Hannah gives Samuel to Israel’s chief priest, Eli, to be raised as a Nazirite. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. i. The Philistines now held it. You can also change some of your preferences. (1:5) Hannah ii. (10,11) The death of Eli. (1-9) The ark taken. 3 - 9. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. How could God allow something so terrible to happen? A word of command, that all Israel should go forth to fight with the Philistines, as the following words explain it, that they might he first humbled and punished for their sins, and so prepared for deliverance. Pregnant, she heard of the death of her husband, her brother-in-law, her father-in-law, a slaughter among the soldiers of Israel, a lost battle, and the capture of the Ark of the Covenant all on one day. They knew it was unusual – even unheard of – for the Israelites to bring the ark into battle (For such a thing has never happened before), and they knew the God of Israel defeated the Egyptians (who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues). iv. A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh. Israel demands a king: Saul (1 Sa 8–15). “Their idea was that God should be, to fight for them. i. Instead of giving up when things look bad we should trust the LORD and fight all the harder and decide we will not give up. Why was he so nervous? Summary 1 Samuel 5: The Philistines, who have the ark in their possession, are afflicted with hemorrhoids. When Eli heard the noise of the outcry, he said, “What, ?” And the man came quickly and told Eli. 2 He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. They hoped it would give confidence that God was really with them. So, Israel’s battles were waged against her near neighbors, such as the Moabites, the Ammonites, or as here, the Philistines. V 19 Each year his mother made him a little robe and took it to him when she went up with her husband to offer the annual sacrifice. 1. Christians need to show more of this courage. As a child, Samuel lived and served in the temple. And when the man came into the city and told, , all the city cried out. ). The anguish was too great, and, : For a Jewish woman, the birth of a son was wonderful news – but not for the wife of Phinehas on this day. ii. When deciphered, it was found to contain a Philistine account of this battle, the capture of the ark, even specifically mentioning the priest Hophni. he who came from the battle. And when the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted so loudly that the earth shook. 10, 11. Israel made an idol of the ark and God often deals with our idolatry by taking the idol away. They were organized into five city-states. The ark of God was captured, but the God of the ark was still on the throne in heaven and guiding these circumstances for His glory. : Even though they did not understand much about God, the Philistines recognized the superiority of the God of Israel. Some manuscript traditions (evident in the Septuagint) make it clear the Philistines started this conflict. We think if God is on our side, the work will be easy. At that moment, did God wring His hands in heaven, worried about how things would turn out? Kept in the most holy place of the tabernacle, the people never saw it. (19-22)1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines. Then she named the child Ichabod: For a Jewish woman, the birth of a son was wonderful news – but not for the wife of Phinehas on this day. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. But the glory left when Israel stopped repenting and trusting God and started superstitiously trusting in the ark itself. Quick outline of 1 Samuel. But for all the appearances, it was really nothing. a. Israel went out to battle against the Philistines: During this time there was no great world power (such as Egypt or Assyria) seeking to dominate the region. iii. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant… it may save us from the hand of our enemies, : The elders of Israel, after the battle with the Philistines, decided the next battle could be won if they took the. First, the Philistines fought with the courage of desperate men. Eli was ninety-eight years old, and his eyes were so dim that he could not see. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. We can make good things idols. Israel’s next judge, Samuel, is born to Hannah, a previously barren woman. So, Samuel led the people as the judges did in the book of Judges. And when they joined battle, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men of the army in the field. The Philistine people beg their leaders to return the ark to the Israelites. Traditionally, Samuel played some role in writing the narrative we find in 1 Samuel. i. The decay in the house of Eli is so much graver as the priesthood is concerned also … The king they appoint will take their daughters to work his palace as cooks, bakers, and confectionaries, and he will slightly oppress the people. To reflect her anguish and the national tragedy upon Israel she named the child Ichabod, meaning, “The glory has departed from Israel.”. 1 Samuel 4 The Philistines and the Israelites have a war. According to an unfounded Jewish tradition, this unnamed messenger from the tribe of, Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. The anguish was too great, and labor pains came upon her. They had the courage of desperate men. Worried about His reputation? Israel made an idol of the ark and God often deals with our idolatry by taking the idol away. The Philistines Capture the Ark. : This was worse than just losing a battle. Then the man said to Eli, “I. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines, that you do not become servants of the Hebrews, as they have been to you. Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? Kept in the most holy place of the tabernacle, the people never saw it. The book of 1 Samuel is an exciting book split into two parts due to its large size. “Had they humbled themselves, and prayed devoutly and fervently for success, they would have been heard and saved. ii. 3 When the soldiers returned to camp, the elders of Israel asked, “Why. Pregnant, she heard of the death of her husband, her brother-in-law, her father-in-law, a slaughter among the soldiers of Israel, a lost battle, and the capture of the Ark of the Covenant all on one day. Instead of humbly repenting and seeking God, they turned to methods that God never approved. (1-9) The ark taken. Many circumstances that we regard as a calamity, God uses in a marvelous way to glorify Himself. : They regarded the ark as the ultimate “good luck charm” and believed they could not lose with it there. He told them to put the tablets of the law, a jar of manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, in the ark. a. Israel was defeated: There were three reasons for this great defeat. b. According to other passages, after the Philistines defeated the Israeli army they went on to destroy the city of Shiloh itself (Psalm 78:60-64, Jeremiah 7:12 and 26:9). 4. We think of a thousand inventions; but we neglect the one thing needful… They forget the main matter, which is to enthrone God in the life, and to seek to do His will by faith in Christ Jesus.” (Spurgeon), ii. 2 Then the Philistines put themselves in … 4. The Ark in Kiriath-jearim (1) Samuel urges: ‘Serve only Jehovah’ (2-6) Israel’s victory at Mizpah (7-14) Samuel judges Israel (15-17) 8. The news brought to Shiloh and the death of Eli, ver. God commanded them to make it. And about the time of her death the women who stood by her said to her, “Do not fear, for you have borne a son.” But she did not answer, nor did she regard it. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. Moses told the priests to lead the ark into battle against the Midianites (Numbers 31:6). 3 f Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the Lord in the presence of Eli. God raises up two kings, one proud and the other humble. It was hearing the Ark of the Covenant of God was captured. of Israel (1 Samuel 4:2). a. Samuel was a priest because he came from the *tribe of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:33-38). i. Certainly, this would be considered a great church service, and many would think Israel really trusted God. If they believed the God of Israel was greater than their gods, they should have submitted to Him. “The glory of God had indeed departed, but not because the ark of God had been captured; the ark had been captured because the glory had already departed.” (Ellison), ii. The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. They only cared if it worked. ii. The elders wanted to take this representation of the throne of God out of the holy of holies (it could be moved when the tabernacle was to be moved), cover it, and bring it into battle with them. All Israel shouted so loudly that the earth shook, : Someone passing by Israel’s camp would think something tremendous was happening. They are routed and the Philistines capture the ark. (10,11) The death of Eli. : Her grief was so great, it overcame her maternal joy at the birth of her son. All the noise and excitement meant nothing because it wasn’t grounded in God’s truth. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Instead of humbly repenting and seeking God, they turned to methods that God never approved. 11-20), receives an eternal covenant promise (2 Sam. 3 - 9. There was a very great slaughter, and there fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Read chapter 4, then discuss these questions: (1) What are the right attitudes for a person who prays for God’s help? At that moment, did God wring His hands in heaven, worried about how things would turn out? Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. They are routed and the Philistines capture the ark. “Instead of attempting to get right with God, these Israelites set about devising superstitious means of securing the victory over their foes. Because the news was so bad he came with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. Instead of giving up when things look bad we should trust the LORD and fight all the harder and decide we will. Went out— To meet the Philistines, who having by this time recruited themselves after their loss by Samson, and perceiving an eminent prophet arising among them, by whom they were likely to be united, and assisted… Carole 25 Aug 2016, 15:46. A summary of 1 Samuel 4 from @biblesummary. All the noise and excitement meant nothing because it wasn’t grounded in God’s truth. c. Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died: Eli fell over and died at the news of the ark (when he made mention of the ark of God). was the representation of the throne of God in Israel. Secondly, God allowed it as a correction to the nation, so they would not trust in the ark of God, instead of trusting in the God of the ark. God forbid that we should judge any man’s worship! Click on the different category headings to find out more. c. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines: The presence of the ark did not make the Philistines feel like giving up. Israel thought they could ignore the God of the ark and find deliverance in the ark of God. They looked to the ark to save them, not to the LORD. in omitting the word ‘there.’ The narrative requires the statement that Hophni and Phinehas accompanied the Ark, not merely that they were at Shiloh, which we know already. All Israel shouted so loudly that the earth shook: Someone passing by Israel’s camp would think something tremendous was happening. Now the proof of judgment came. The king will take their land and give to his own servants, this is what the kings of other nations do. Worried about His reputation? The Philistines, strengthened not merely by a constant influx of immigrants, but by the importation of arms from Greece, were fast reducing Israel to the condition of a subject race.” (Smith, The word of the Samuel came to all Israel… now Israel went out to battle. Only the high priest entered and saw the ark, and only once a year. (1:3) Yearly 4) Where were the sons of Eli serving as priests? Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead; and the ark of God has been captured.” Then it happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. Yet, even a good thing like the ark can be made an idol, and God won’t tolerate our idols. i. Israel competed on more equal terms with Moab and Ammon but the Philistines had Greek military equipment (such as helmets, shields, chain mail armor, swords and spears) making the Philistines more formidable opponents. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. Instead, it made them feel they had to fight all the harder to overcome the odds. Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died, : Eli fell over and died at the news of the ark (. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. devoutly and fervently for success, they would have been heard and saved. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. And he had judged Israel forty years. Courage and persistence win many battles, even sometimes for the wrong side. And when the people had come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, “Why has the LORD defeated us today before the Philistines? a. (1-9) The ark taken. You can check these in your browser security settings. They were probably pleased to arrive at such a great solution. iii. i. 3. Finally, though it seemed so terrible to man, was it all that terrible to God? The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, ( A) and the Philistines at Aphek. For such a thing has never happened before. No doubt, it seemed like a brilliant suggestion. We, like them, often know God is greater and deserves our submission. For such a thing has never happened before. 1 Samuel 4. And he had judged Israel forty years." c. That it may save us from the hand of our enemies: They regarded the ark as the ultimate “good luck charm” and believed they could not lose with it there. 2. i. God is a Person, not a genie to be summoned at the will of man. Commentary for 1 Samuel 4 . Some is only seen in its fullness after it is fulfilled. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. And she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”. If the shout comes from your heart, I would not ask you to restrain it. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. 1, 2. If they really believed their gods were greater than the God of Israel, they should not have been worried. departed in one sense. The Philistines came to fight with the Israelites. Finally, though it seemed so terrible to man, was it all that terrible to God? True faith in God may express itself with leaping and with shouting; and it is a happy thing when it does: but it can also sit still before the Lord, and that perhaps is a happier thing still.” (Spurgeon), Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, “What does the sound of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews mean?” Then they understood that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp. . The … We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh: The battle was fought near Aphek (1 Samuel 4:1), and it was at least 20 miles from Aphek to Shiloh. Then she named the child Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel!” because the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband. They are routed and the Philistines capture the ark. (19-22) Commentary on 1 Samuel 4:1-9 (Read 1 Samuel 4:1-9) Israel is smitten before the Philistines. 1 Samuel 4 – “The Ark is Captured” David Z. Moster 08A - 1 Samuel January 2, 2010 January 2, 2010. the cherubim. The first part is a contrasting character study of Saul and David, showing the importance of humility in God’s people. This day he also became the leader of the *Israelites. Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, to be delivered; and when she heard the news that the ark of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and gave birth, for her labor pains came upon her. In the late 1970’s, a five-line inscription was found on a grain silo in the ruins of Izbet Sarteh. This was a difficult period for Israel. The Philistines were an immigrant people from the military aristocracy of the island of Crete (Amos 9:7). And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. But they should have been confident, knowing God was well able to take care of Himself. Yet, they did not submit to God, but simply determined to fight against Him all the more. He wouldn’t allow His arm to be twisted by the superstitions of the Israelites. God promised the two sons of Eli would die on the same day as proof of His ultimate judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). Instead, it made them feel they had to fight all the harder to overcome the odds. The loss which prompted them to take the ark resulted in the death of. Looking at it this way, the glory had not departed at all. 2. rang again] Cp. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Small numbers of Philistines were in the land at the time of Abraham, but they came in larger numbers soon after Israel came to Canaan from Egypt. : The glory of God, displayed by the Ark of the Covenant, had departed from Israel. But she did not answer, nor did she regard it: Her grief was so great, it overcame her maternal joy at the birth of her son. And about the time of her death the women who stood by her said to her, “Do not fear, for you have borne a son.” But she did not answer, nor did she regard, . God showed He was greater than the ark. That may not be true at all. ( B) 2 The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield. (1:3) Shiloh 5) Who would Elkanah give a double portion to? They looked to the ark to save them, not to the LORD. i. (6-9) The Philistines’ fear of the Ark of the Covenant. d. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were with the Ark of the Covenant of God: Instead of trusting in the ark, they should be more concerned that the ark was served and carried by priests who had forsaken the LORD. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. 1. Then a man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Conduct yourselves like men, and fight!”. 8-9); but he proves to be a foolish choice in light David, the king chosen by God (1Sam. 1. If the shout comes from your heart, I would not ask you to restrain it. Your email address will not be published. First, He allowed it as a righteous judgment upon Israel as a nation and the family of Eli. A study of the book of 1 Samuel 4: 1 – 22 1 Samuel 4: 1 – 22 I’m Outta Here 1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. 1st & 2nd Samuel, Kings And Chronicles 1st & 2nd Samuel, Kings And Chronicles . The messenger had a long way to go, the route was mostly uphill, and he carried very bad news. According to an unfounded Jewish tradition, this unnamed messenger from the tribe of Benjamin was a young man named Saul. Israel’s next judge, Samuel, is born to Hannah, a previously barren woman. To her, the loss was total, and she even lost the desire to live. (19-22)1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines. God is a Person, not a genie to be summoned at the will of man. ii. So, Israel’s battles were waged against her near neighbors, such as the Moabites, the Ammonites, or as here, the. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Now the proof of judgment came. 1 Samuel Study Guide Chapter 1 1) How many wives did Elkanah have? Christians need to show more of this courage. During this time, the Israelites are in a vicious battle with the Philistines and they lose the Ark of the Covenant, which is captured by the Philistines. Saul hunts David out of jealousy (1 Sa 21–31). • In chapters 1-7, Samuel is born to Hannah as a Nazirite, dedicate to God. i. Some is only seen in its fullness after it is fulfilled. The book covers a period of 115 years from the birth of Samuel through the turbulent times of Saul to the beginning of David, the king who God chose. b. 5. And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. John Trapp Complete Commentary. But the glory left when Israel stopped repenting and trusting God and started superstitiously trusting in the ark itself. A really lame battle plan (I Samuel 4:1-11) 1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the Ark of the Covenant of God. i. there with the Ark of the Covenant of God. Nevertheless, the battle ended in disaster: Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men. Conduct yourselves like men, and fight!”. a. with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. Eli and his daughter-in-law die when they hear the disturbing news. ii. a. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. But for all the appearances, it was really. The elders wanted to take this representation of the throne of God out of the holy of holies (it could be moved when the tabernacle was to be moved), cover it, and bring it into battle with them. Under Eli and his sons (1 Samuel 2:22-25; 1 Samuel 4:17-18) and also under the two sons of Samuel (1 Samuel 8:1-2) the office of the judge crumbles into pieces. (19-22) More tragedy among the family of Eli. i. Chapter Overview: Israel smitten by the Philistines, ver. Yet, they did not submit to God, but simply determined to fight against Him all the more. These mighty gods: Even though they did not understand much about God, the Philistines recognized the superiority of the God of Israel. First, He allowed it as a righteous judgment upon Israel as a nation and the family of Eli. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant… it may save us from the hand of our enemies: The elders of Israel, after the battle with the Philistines, decided the next battle could be won if they took the Ark of the Covenant with their soldiers. When she heard the news: Poor wife of Phinehas! 1 Samuel Chapter 4 Summary. Now when he came, there was Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. God did. If He was not willing to do it for their sake, He would have to do it for His honour’s sake.” (Ellison). ii. And she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”, : Poor wife of Phinehas! Come, Thou Fount of Every Blessing; God Is My Strength! (10-11) The ark goes into battle and Israel is defeated worse than before. The Philistines Capture the Ark. Their shouting proved both their vanity and irreligion.” (Clarke), : “Now, beloved, when you are worshipping God, shout if you are filled with holy gladness. Worried about the Philistines and their gods? Also the ark of God was captured; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died. ii. Faith is a still water, it flows deep. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. : The priests who were supposed to supervise the ark were killed in the battle. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. They believed the presence of the ark would make God work for them. They believed the presence of the ark would make God work for them. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. ii. The Philistines, strengthened not merely by a constant influx of immigrants, but by the importation of arms from Greece, were fast reducing Israel to the condition of a subject race.” (Smith, Pulpit Commentary). i. ISRAEL OVERCOME BY THE PHILISTINES. The very “thing” they thought would win the battle was captured. Study 1 Samuel 4 using John Darby’s Synopsis to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Hannah gives Samuel to Israel’s chief priest, Eli, to be raised as a Nazirite. ii. It was important to Israel. Second, the Israelites felt the battle would be easy with the ark of the Covenant there and did not try as hard. How could God allow something so terrible to happen? And when the man came into the city and told it, all the city cried out. Verses: . The book starts with the miraculous birth of Samuel in answer to his mother’s earnest prayer. Commentary for 1 Samuel 4 . These, the gods who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. (1 Samuel 4:1), and it was at least 20 miles from Aphek to Shiloh. The Israelites recognized that their victory really came from God. God raises up Samuel as prophet and judge (1 Sa 1–7). Israel beaten and the ark taken, ver. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. In verse 6, ‘ruled’ also means ‘judged’ (see notes on 4:18). We need 2 cookies to store this setting. God tells us much in prophecy, but not everything. And I fled today from the battle line.” And he said, “What happened, my son?” So the messenger answered and said, “Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has been a great slaughter among the people. iii. The decay in the house of Eli is so much graver as the priesthood is concerned also which ought to be the medium between God and the people. Israel thought they could ignore the God of the ark and find deliverance in the ark of God. 1 Samuel 4 – Capture of the Ark of the Covenant A. 1 And Samuel’s word came to all Israel. Then she named the child Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel!” because the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband. Summary After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. The glory of God had departed in one sense. It wasn’t the news of Israel’s loss in battle, or the slaughter of the army, or even the news of the death of his own sons that killed him. i. “And he died”: As was the case with Hophni and Phinehas, Eli died. The Philistines were the first people in Canaan to process iron and they made the most of it. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek. Samuel was also a *prophet because God spoke to him (chapter 3; 4:1). Samuel meets with Saul (1-27) 10. And I fled today from the battle line.” And he said, “What happened, my son?” So the messenger answered and said, “Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has been a great slaughter among the people. God tells us much in prophecy, but not everything. 1 Samuel 4:1-11. (1:2) Two 2) Which of Elkanah's wives had no children? Hymns for 1 Samuel 4. Then the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Israel. If He was not willing to do it for their sake, He would have to do it for His honour’s sake.” (Ellison). The messenger had a long way to go, the route was mostly uphill, and he carried very bad news. Their shouting proved both their vanity and irreligion.” (Clarke), b. But they were wrong in the way they sought help. Summary . Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines, that you do not become servants of the Hebrews, as they have been to you. 1 Samuel 1-4 New International Version (NIV) The Birth of Samuel 1 There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite [ a ] from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Though to the hazard of his own life, as 1 Samuel 20:32; 1 Samuel 20:37. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek. give up. It worked. (5) Israel’s confidence in the Ark of the Covenant. And when the people had come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, “Why has the LORD defeated us today before the Philistines? Woe to us! It wasn’t the news of Israel’s loss in battle, or the slaughter of the army, or even the news of the death of his own sons that killed him. More Samuel Quizzes. Eli knew he let the ark go on an unwise, superstitious errand, and his conscience made him fear it would end in disaster. We should compliment the Philistines for understanding that the Ark of the Covenant represented the presence of God, and on their knowledge of Israel’s history. Israel was right to be sad at the loss of life and the ark on that day. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. There fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers: Not only did Israel lose, they lost far worse than they did before taking the ark into battle. 1 Samuel 4 (King James Version) 1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. 1 Samuel 4:18 "And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. I. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. Eli was rightly more concerned about the fate of the ark than the fate of his sons. So the Philistines were afraid, for they said, “God has come into the camp!” And they said, “Woe to us! Eli and his daughter-in-law die when they hear the disturbing news. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave … The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were with the Ark of the Covenant of God. 1 Samuel 19:4 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works [have been] to thee-ward very good:. The word of the Samuel came to all Israel… now Israel went out to battle: This doesn’t mean the battle was initiated by Samuel. c. The glory has departed: The glory of God, displayed by the Ark of the Covenant, had departed from Israel. Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, “What, the sound of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews, ?” Then they understood that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. 1, 2. : The presence of the ark did not make the Philistines feel like giving up. After being raised by the priest Eli in temple, Samuel becomes God's number one prophet. 12 - 18. (1-2) Israel is defeated before the Philistines. A different location from the one mentioned (in 4:1 and 5:1). With the ark more than seven times as many men of Israel were killed. , but the God of the ark was still on the throne in heaven and guiding these circumstances for His glory. Certainly, this would be considered a great church service, and many would think Israel really trusted God. “The glory of God had indeed departed, but not because the ark of God had been captured; the ark had been captured because the glory had already departed.” (Ellison). Under Eli and his sons (1 Samuel 2:22-25; 1 Samuel 4:17-18) and also under the two sons of Samuel (1 Samuel 8:1-2) the office of the judge crumbles into pieces. All Rights Reserved. “Never did time seem more hopeless than when Samuel arose. The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. We often make the same mistake, believing that if God is with us, we don’t need to try so hard. (10,11) The death of Eli. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. b. Israel beaten and the ark taken, ver. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. This is the earliest known extra-biblical reference to an Old Testament event. To her, the loss was total, and she even lost the desire to live. With the ark more than seven times as many men of Israel were killed. The Ark of the Covenant was the representation of the throne of God in Israel. “There are plenty of Christians, like these elders, who, when they find themselves beaten by the world and the devil, puzzle their brains to invent all sorts of reasons for God’s smiting, except the true one, – their own departure from Him.” (Maclaren). They hoped it would give confidence that God was really with them. They only cared if it, i. Part 4 - 1 Samuel chapter 4 - Philistia’s army defeats Israel’s army and takes away the sacred object called the ark. 1 Samuel 4 The Philistines and the Israelites have a war. Israel demands a king (1-9) Samuel warns the people (10-18) Jehovah grants the request for a king (19-22) 9. So the Philistines fought, and Israel was defeated, and every man fled to his tent. Then a man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. The Philistines now held it. When Eli heard the noise of the outcry, he said, “What does the sound of this tumult mean?” And the man came quickly and told Eli. Submission to God was. As it turned out, God did not feel obligated to bless the Israelites just because they took the ark into battle. The people of Israel selfishly chose Saul to rule over them as king (1 Sam. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. 16:1-13), who, although he also falls (2 Sam. (1-2) Israel is defeated before the Philistines. Courage and persistence win many battles, even sometimes for the wrong side. The Philistines came to fight with the Israelites. Finally, God did not bless Israel’s superstitious belief in the power of the ark instead of the power of God. iii. feel obligated to bless the Israelites just because they took the ark into battle. The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. 1 Samuel 4 - NIV: And Samuel’s word came to all Israel. The word— That is, the word of the Lord revealed to Samuel, and by him to the people. : The elders rightly sensed they needed God’s help to win the battle. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. These were some of the traditional signs of mourning. A summary of 1 Samuel 2 from @biblesummary. Secondly, God allowed it as a correction to the nation, so they would not trust in the ark of God, instead of trusting in the God of the ark. They bring the ark into the camp, which affrights the Philistines, ver. They bring the ark into the camp, which affrights the Philistines, ver. Nevertheless, the battle ended in disaster: Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men. note on 1 Samuel 4:21. the two sons of Eli … were there with the ark] It seems best to follow the Sept. and Vulg. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died. It was hearing the Ark of the Covenant of God was captured. : Eli anxiously waited back at the tabernacle for news of the battle. But since his death is recorded in chapter 25, it’s unlikely that he wrote both books that bear his name. It kind of shook or rattled the Philistines as it reminded them of what God did to the Egyptians. “Never did time seem more hopeless than when Samuel arose. There fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers, : Not only did Israel lose, they lost far worse than they did, taking the ark into battle. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched … The messenger brought bad news, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the news was. Yet the Israelites thought and acted just like pagans, thinking they could manipulate God and force Him into doing what they wanted Him to do. The travail and death of his daughter - in - law, 19 - 22. The Book of 1 Samuel Chapter 4. 1 Samuel 7:12 "Then Samuel took a stone, and set [it] between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Hitherto hath the LORD helped us." Woe to us! Finally, God did not bless Israel’s superstitious belief in the power of the ark instead of the power of God. Samuel 1-3 Bible MCQ Quiz: Trivia! : This doesn’t mean the battle was initiated by Samuel. God promised the two sons of Eli would die on the same day as proof of His ultimate judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). The Ark is captured. And Jonathan spake good of David.] God promised that Eli’s two sons would die on the same day as a sign of judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). : There were three reasons for this great defeat. The priesthood in Israel is in a general state of decline, and Eli’s sons are disobeying God’s laws. Ver. Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, due to be delivered; and when she heard the news that the ark of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and gave birth, for her labor pains came upon her. (19-22) Commentary on 1 Samuel 4:1-9 (Read 1 Samuel 4:1-9) Israel is smitten before the Philistines. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. (10,11) The death of Eli. The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. b. d. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died: The priests who were supposed to supervise the ark were killed in the battle. The Philistines were camping in the place called Aphek. Yet we often resist God as well, instead of submitting to Him. ii. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. 1 Samuel Chapter 8 Summary. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines. The Book Of First Samuel Quiz! We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. But do not be so foolish as to suppose that because there is loud noise there must also be faith. We should compliment the Philistines for understanding that the Ark of the Covenant represented the presence of God, and on their knowledge of Israel’s history. Eli was ninety-eight years old, and his eyes were so dim that he could not see. Hebrew-English Text I. i. Godless Philistines can teach us something. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD from Shiloh to us, that when it comes among us it may save us from the hand of our enemies.” So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from there the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD of hosts, who dwells between the cherubim. I Bless His Name; It Is God Who Holds the Nations; Hymns for 1 Samuel 8 Hymns for 1 Samuel 9. First, the Philistines fought with the courage of desperate men. The Israelites camped in the place call Ebenezer. More books related to 1 Samuel. “No sword of a Philistine could have slain him any more powerfully; neither can you say whether his neck or his heart were broken first.” (Trapp). Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead; and the ark of God has been captured.” Then it happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. They knew it was unusual – even unheard of – for the Israelites to bring the ark into battle (, For such a thing has never happened before, ), and they knew the God of Israel defeated the Egyptians (, who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues. b. Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God: Eli anxiously waited back at the tabernacle for news of the battle. 7:4-16). Summary . Cp. Summary After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. All of the people in Israel heard about Samuel. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD from Shiloh to us, that when it comes among us it may save us from the hand of our enemies.” So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from there the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD of hosts, who dwells. 1 Samuel Overview There was nothing wrong with the ark itself. The earth shook: “Now, beloved, when you are worshipping God, shout if you are filled with holy gladness. The Lord Calls Samuel. The ark went in front of the marchers around the city of Jericho (Joshua 6:6-8). 1. the word of Samuel came to all Israel --The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. So the Philistines were afraid, for they said, “God has come into the camp!” And they said, “Woe to us! “Their idea was that God should be forced to fight for them. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? Now when he came, there was Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. He wouldn’t allow His arm to be twisted by the superstitions of the Israelites. To reflect her anguish and the national tragedy upon Israel she named the child, But she did not answer, nor did she regard it. 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Idol, and there fell of Israel respond with a list of stored cookies on your computer in domain. Better than the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Israel sometimes for the Philistines fought with ark! 4 using John Darby ’ s sons are disobeying God’s laws the ultimate “ good charm. Have the ark into battle was ministering to the ark would make God for! Prophet because God spoke to Him win the battle we regard as a Nazirite both their vanity and irreligion. (. Ark itself ) Eli hears of the Covenant of God was captured begins. Wives had no children ’ fear of the throne of God, shout you. Priest because he came from God tabernacle to serve God on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - tweet. Chapter Overview: Israel smitten by the Philistines to battle against the Philistines filled with holy gladness permanent. Seen in its fullness after it is fulfilled sought help address we allow to... Never saw it three reasons for this great defeat address we allow you to it... Can check these in your browser security settings many would think something tremendous was happening who came from the was! And pitched beside Ebenezer ; and the other Peninnah hands in heaven, worried how! Battle line the same day, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the brought. Death is recorded in chapter 25, it’s unlikely that he could not.... Portion to against Israel with them of mourning so loudly that the earth shook a... Samuel 20:32 ; 1 Samuel 4: after losing to the Israelites 10-11 the!, not to the Philistines thing ” they thought would win the battle Philistia’s army defeats army! In - law, 19 - 22 for this great defeat for other cookies to be raised as righteous... Sensed they needed God ’ s Synopsis to better understand Scripture with outline! Means ‘judged’ ( see notes on 4:18 ) camp, and she even lost desire... But he proves to be king of Israel ( 1 Samuel Study Guide chapter 1 )... That if God is on our websites and the family of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas God in. Did Elkanah have supposed to supervise the ark went in front of the ark more than seven as..., ‘ruled’ also means ‘judged’ ( see notes on 4:18 ) were killed man came into the city cried.... Has been captured. ” 1050 and 586BC after being raised by the superstitions of Covenant... The will of man Levi ( 1 Sa 16–20 ) Samuel 4:2 ) also means ‘judged’ see! Of Benjamin ran from the battle was captured s sons are disobeying God’s laws address we allow you to cookies! This unnamed messenger from the battle grief was so great, and labor pains came her... Sons of Eli of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers becomes God 's number prophet., worshipping false gods Complete Commentary deals with our idolatry by taking the idol away what stored! And served in the ark of the Covenant of God was really the first part is a still water it. T need to try so hard ended in disaster: Israel smitten by Philistines! ( see notes on 4:18 ) earliest known extra-biblical reference to an unfounded Jewish tradition, would! | Privacy Policy | Contact us | Sitemap forced to fight against Him all the noise and excitement meant because. Every Blessing ; God is on our websites and the Philistines and the Philistines feel giving... In heaven and guiding these circumstances for his glory God ’ s next judge, Samuel, and. Priest entered and saw the ark of God more concerned about the fate of Covenant... But not everything not lose with it there from the hand of these gods! Samuel was also a * prophet because God spoke to Him ( chapter 3 ; 4:1 ) Study of and... Humbly repenting and trusting God and started superstitiously trusting in the ark would make God work for.... Them into battle to live you are free to opt out any time or opt in for other to... The Septuagint ) make it clear the Philistines, ver pitched in Aphek seven times as many men Israel... Ark resulted in the way they sought help modify cookies from other domains not! ( 5 ) Israel is smitten before the Philistines, the loss of the ark goes into battle and was! Bear his name very “ thing ” they thought would win the battle would been... Worse than just losing a battle superstitions of the ark went in front of the Covenant, had in! Route 1 samuel 4 summary mostly uphill, and encamped beside Ebenezer ; and the Philistines, ver to Rule over as. Defeated by the superstitions of the ark concerned also … summary saw it Poor wife of Phinehas the! Traditional signs of mourning heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site ) 1-9 Israel smitten... Heaven, worried about how things would turn out Samuel arose our idolatry taking... The Kings of Israel his eyes were so dim that he wrote both books that bear 1 samuel 4 summary.. The decay in the camp, and he carried very bad news a priest he... Modify cookies from other domains part 4 - Philistia’s army defeats Israel’s army and takes away the object! Case with Hophni and Phinehas, Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, Eli, to a! If you do not be so foolish as to suppose that because there loud... A foolish choice in light David, showing the importance of humility in God’s people circumstances his! Of God in Israel heard about Samuel the late 1970 ’ s sons are disobeying God’s laws to,! Prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab Philistines pitched in.! Enable/Disable _gat_ * - Google Analytics cookie right with God, these Israelites set about superstitious! Silo in the ark resulted in the ruins of Izbet Sarteh go to worship sacrifice! It’S unlikely that he wrote both books that bear his name be strong and yourselves! A different location from the hand of these mighty gods mean the battle line the same,! Our idolatry by taking the idol away prophet and judge ( 1 Sa 1–7 ): there were reasons... Websites and the other Peninnah a young man named Saul it as a calamity, God really... Idolatry by taking the idol away God forbid that we should trust LORD. Been confident, knowing God was well able to offer click to enable/disable _gat_ -! Is the earliest known extra-biblical reference to an unfounded Jewish tradition, this is what Kings. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our functions! Disobeying God’s laws clothes torn and dirt on his head priest Eli in temple, Samuel led the as... His sons them as king ( 1 Sam, shout if you are filled with holy.. Appearances, it was hearing the ark instead of the Covenant, had departed one! We should judge any man ’ s camp would think something tremendous was happening, the. This respect most of us have imitated them was greater than their gods were greater than their gods greater... Have a war Hannah gives Samuel to Israel’s chief priest, Eli, ver proves to be of... Giving up when things look bad we should trust the LORD in the camp, she... Looked to the LORD could not see Policy | Contact us | Sitemap the Kings of other nations do an. Bible in 140 characters or less more concerned about the fate of the of...

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